miércoles, 27 de julio de 2011

Muddy Waters


McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1915 - April 30, 1983), better known as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician generally considered the Father of Chicago Blues.
Born in Rolling Fork, Mississippi. It was recorded first in a plantation in the Mississippi Delta by Alan Lomax for the Library of Congress in 1940.
Later he moved to Chicago, Illinois, where he changed his acoustic guitar to electric guitar, becoming more popular among black musicians of the time.
 

The Waters's playing is highly characteristic because use of the slide. His first recording for Chess Records showed Waters on guitar and vocals, backed by a bass. He later added harmonica and percussion to complete the Little Walter classic blues formation. With its rich, deep voice and charismatic personality, supported by a large group of stars, Waters soon became the most recognizable figure of Blues in Chicago. To B.B. King was remembered as "Boss of Chicago." All the bands were a who-is-who of the greats of Chicago Blues: Little Walter, Big Walter Horton, James Cotton, Junior Wells, Carey Bell on harmonica, Willie Dixon on bass, Otis Spann, Pinetop Perkins in the piano, guitar Buddy Guy among others.
The recordings of Waters in the late 50's and early 60's are particularly good. Many of the songs they played became classics: "Got My Mojo Working", "Hoochie Coochie Man," "She's Nineteen Years Old" and "Rolling and Tumbling" are all classics, all too often objects of covers by bands of different
genres. His influence has been enormous across many music genres: Blues, Rhythm & Blues, Rock, Folk, Jazz and Country. Waters helped Chuck Berry get his first recording contract.

 
His tours in England in the early 1960's marked possibly the first time an amplified band Hard-Rock doing there (One critic noted that these retired to the bathroom to write his critique, since the music was too high). The Rolling Stones were named that way by the Waters of 1948 song "Rollin 'Stone", also known as "Catfish Blues" .1 The big hit of Led Zeppelin "Whole Lotta Love" is based on the song by Muddy Waters "You Need Love," which was written by Willie Dixon, who wrote some of the most famous songs: "I Just Want to Make Love to You," "I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man," and "I'm Ready.
" Other features Muddy Waters songs are "Long Distance Call," "Mannish Boy," and the anthem of rock / blues "I've Got My Mojo Working" (originally composed by Preston Foster).
Muddy Waters died in Westmont, Illinois at 68 years old, and was buried in the cemetery Restvale in Aslip, Illinois, near Chicago.







McKinley MorganField (4 de abril de 1915 - 30 de abril de 1983), más conocido como Muddy Waters, fue un músico de blues estadounidense generalmente considerado el Padre del Blues de Chicago.

Nacido en Rolling Fork, Misisipi. Fue grabado por primera vez en una plantación del delta del río Misisipi por Alan Lomax para la biblioteca del congreso en 1940. Más tarde se mudó a Chicago, Illinois, donde cambió de guitarra acústica a guitarra eléctrica, volviéndose cada vez más popular entre los músicos negros de la época.
 
La forma de tocar de Waters es altamente característica dado su uso del slide. Su primera grabación para Chess Records mostraba a Waters en guitarra y vocales, apoyado por un contrabajo. Más tarde añadió percusión y la armónica de Little Walter para completar su clásica formación de blues.

Con su voz rica y profunda y su carismática personalidad, apoyado por un gran grupo de estrellas, Waters pronto se convirtió en la figura más reconocible del Blues de Chicago. Hasta B.B. King lo recordaría como el "Jefe de Chicago". Todas sus bandas fueron un quién-es-quién de los grandes del Blues de Chicago: Little Walter, Big Walter Horton, James Cotton, Junior Wells, Carey Bell en la armónica, Willie Dixon en el bajo, Otis Spann, Pinetop Perkins en el piano, Buddy Guy en la guitarra entre otros.

Las grabaciones de Waters de finales de los 50 y principios de los 60 son particularmente buenas. Muchas de las canciones que tocó se convirtieron en clásicos: "Got My Mojo Working", "Hoochie Coochie Man", "She's Nineteen Years Old" y "Rolling and Tumbling" son todos grandes clásicos, muy frecuentemente objetos de covers por bandas de diferentes géneros.
 
Su influencia ha sido enorme a través de muchísimos géneros musicales: Blues, Rythm & Blues, Rock, Folk, Jazz y Country. Waters ayudó a Chuck Berry a conseguir su primer contrato de grabación.

Sus tours en Inglaterra a principios de la década de 1960 marcaron, posiblemente, la primera vez de una banda amplificada haciendo Hard-Rock allí (Uno de los críticos presentes señaló que se retiró al baño a escribir su crítica, ya que la música estaba demasiado alta). Los Rolling Stones se nombraron de esa manera por la canción de Waters de 1948: "Rollin' Stone", también conocida como "Catfish Blues".1 El gran hit de Led Zeppelin "Whole Lotta Love" está basado en la canción de Muddy Waters "You Need Love", que fue escrita por Willie Dixon, quien escribió algunas de las canciones más famosas: "I Just Want to Make Love to You," "I'm your Hoochie Coochie Man," y "I'm Ready."
Otras canciones características de Muddy Waters son "Long Distance Call," "Mannish Boy," y el himno del rock/blues "I've Got My Mojo Working" (Compuesta originalmente por Preston Foster).

Muddy Waters murió en Westmont, Illinois a los 68 años de edad, y fue enterrado en el cementerio de Restvale, en Aslip, Illinois, cerca de Chicago.

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