domingo, 7 de agosto de 2011

Bing Crosby

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor. Crosby's trademark bass-baritone voice made him one of the best-selling recording artists of the 20th century, with over half a billion records in circulation.
A multimedia star, from 1934 to 1954 Bing Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings and motion picture grosses. His early career coincided with technical recording innovations; this allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin. Yank magazine recognized Crosby as the person who had done the most for American G.I. morale during World War II and, during his peak years, around 1948, polls declared him the "most admired man alive," ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. Also in 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music.
Crosby exerted an important influence on the development of the postwar recording industry. He worked for NBC at the time and wanted to record his shows; however, most broadcast networks did not allow recording. This was mainly because of the quality of recording at the time. While in Europe performing during the war, Crosby had witnessed tape recording, on which The Crosby Research Foundation would come to have many patents. The company also developed equipment and recording techniques such as the Laugh Track which are still in use today.[9] In 1947, he invested $50,000 in the Ampex company, which built North America's first commercial reel-to-reel tape recorder. He left NBC to work for ABC, because NBC was not interested in recording at the time. This proved beneficial because ABC accepted him and his new ideas.

Crosby then became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. He gave one of the first Ampex Model 200 recorders to his friend, musician Les Paul, which led directly to Paul's invention of multitrack recording. Along with Frank Sinatra, Crosby was one of the principal backers behind the famous United Western Recorders recording studio complex in Los Angeles.
During the "Golden Age of Radio," performers often had to recreate their live shows a second time for the west coast time zone. Through the aegis of recording, Crosby constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship (editing, retaking, rehearsal, time shifting) being used in motion picture production. This became the industry standard.
Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way, and was nominated for his reprise of the role in The Bells of St. Mary's the next year, becoming the first of four actors to be nominated twice for playing the same character. In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. Crosby is one of the 22 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Crosby was born in Tacoma, Washington, on May 3, 1903, in a house his father built at 1112 North J Street. In 1906, Crosby's family moved to Spokane, Washington. In 1913, Crosby's father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Ave. The house now sits on the campus of Bing's alma mater Gonzaga University and formerly housed the Alumni Association.
He was the fourth of seven children: brothers Larry (1895–1975), Everett (1896–1966), Ted (1900–1973), Harry 'Bing' (1903–1977), and Bob (1913–1993); and two girls, Catherine (1904–1974) and Mary Rose (1906–1990). His parents, Harry Lincoln Crosby (1870–1950), an English-American bookkeeper, and Catherine Helen (known as Kate) Harrigan (1873–1964), who was a second generation Irish-American.[16] Bing's paternal ancestors had emigrated to what would become the U.S. in the 17th century, and included Patience Brewster, the daughter of the Pilgrim leader and Mayflower passenger William Brewster, (c. 1567 – April 10, 1644).
In 1910, six-year-old Harry Crosby was forever renamed. The Sunday edition of the Spokesman-Review published a feature called "The Bingville Bugle". Written by humorist Newton Newkirk, The Bingville Bugle was a parody of a hillbilly newsletter filled with gossipy tidbits, minstrel quips, creative spelling, and mock ads. A neighbor, 15-year-old Valentine Hobart, shared Crosby's enthusiasm for "The Bugle" and noting Crosby's laugh, took a liking to him and called him "Bingo from Bingville". Eventually the last vowel was dropped and the nickname stuck.
In 1917, Crosby took a summer job as property boy at Spokane's "Auditorium," where he witnessed some of the finest acts of the day, including Al Jolson, who held Crosby spellbound with his ad libbing and spoofs of Hawaiian songs. Crosby later described Jolson's delivery as "electric".





Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby (3 de mayo de 1903 - 14 de octubre de 1977) fue un cantante (crooner) y actor estadounidense con una carrera artística de medio siglo.
Fue uno de los primeros artistas multimedia. Entre 1934 y 1954, Crosby tuvo un casi imbatible éxito de ventas con sus discos, grandes ratings en las emisoras de radio y películas mundialmente vistas.1 Es usualmente considerado como uno de los actores musicales más populares de la historia y es actualmente la voz humana más grabada electrónicamente.2 El prestigio artístico de Crosby es universal, máxime si tenemos en cuenta que fue una de las mayores inspiraciones para otros grandes intérpretes masculinos que lo secundaron, tales como Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, y Dean Martin.
Harry Lillis Crosby nació en Tacoma (Washington) el 3 de mayo de 1903 en una casa construida por su padre (1112 North J Street, Tacoma, Washington). Su familia se mudó a Spokane (Washington) en 1906 con el objetivo de conseguir algún trabajo. Fue el cuarto de siete hijos: cinco hombres, Larry (n. 1895-1975), Everett (n. 1896), Ted (n. 1900), Harry (n. 1903) y Bob (1913-1993); y dos mujeres, Catherine (n. 1905) y Mary Rose (n. 1907). Su padre, Harry Lowe Crosby (1871-1950), era un contable de ascendencia inglesa-estadounidense, y su madre Catherine Harrigan (1873-1964) era hija de un constructor de County Mayo de ascendencia irlandesa-estadounidense. Sus ancestros paternos, Thomas Prence y Patience Brewster, nacieron en Inglaterra y emigraron a los Estados Unidos en el siglo XVII. La familia Brewster arribó al continente en el famoso barco Mayflower.
Bing Crosby no tenía certificado de nacimiento; la fecha, por tanto, fue un secreto hasta que la iglesia católica de su juventud en Tacoma reveló su acta de bautismo que contenía la datación exacta de su nacimiento.
En 1910 Harry Lillis, con seis años de edad, descubrió una página completa en la que aparecía un artículo en la edición dominical del Spokesman-Review, The Bingville Bugle. El Bugle, sección escrita por el humorista Newton Newkirk, era en realidad una parodia que aparecía publicada en dicho periódico. Un vecino de quince años de edad, Valentine Hobart, compartía el entusiasmo de Crosby por estas parodias y llamó al diario Bingo por Bingville. De aquí surgió el apelativo de Crosby: suprimida la última vocal de la palabra Bingo, Crosby adoptó el nombre de Bing.

En el verano de 1917 Crosby trabajó en el Auditorium de Spokane, donde fue testigo de los mejores actos del día, incluyendo una actuación de Al Jolson de quien Crosby diría: «Para mí él fue el mejor artista que ha existido».
En el otoño de 1920, Bing se matriculó en la Universidad jesuita Gonzaga College en Spokane, Washington con la intención de graduarse como abogado. Mantuvo un promedio de notas de B+. Estando en Gonzaga, compró un set de batería por correspondencia. Tras una ardua práctica sus habilidades crecieron manifiestamente y fue invitado a unirse a una banda local compuesta en su mayoría por niños escolares llamada Musicaladers, conducida por Al Rinker. Logró ganar tanto dinero con este trabajo que decidió dejar los estudios durante su último año para dedicarse al mundo del espectáculo.
En su madurez, Bing Crosby viajaba a la ciudad de La Paz, Baja California Sur,México. En esa ciudad alternó sus vacaciones familiares con una gran labor social. En Las Cruces, un balneario casi aislado, disfrutó (según sus propias palabras) de algunos de los mejores días de su vida, siempre en compañía de su familia.
Era muy aficionado al golf y falleció inesperadamente, al parecer por un infarto mientras lo practicaba, en La Moraleja, Madrid, España.
En 2005, salió una biografía no autorizada escrita por sus hijos, quienes lo pintaban como un mal padre, egoísta, avaro y mezquino.

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