sábado, 13 de agosto de 2011

Paul Mares

Paul Mares (June 15, 1900 – August 18, 1949), was an American early dixieland jazz cornet & trumpet player, and leader of the New Orleans Rhythm Kings.
Mares was born in New Orleans. His father, Joseph E. Mares, played cornet with the military band at the New Orleans lakefront and ran a fur and hide business.
Like many New Orleans cornetists of his generation, Joe Mares's main influence was "King" Joe Oliver.
About 1919 cornetist Abbie Brunies was offered a job playing in Chicago, and passed the offer on to Mares. (Brunies thought his New Orleans position of doubling driving a taxi-cab and playing music was more secure than prospects in Chicago.)
Mares established himself as a respected band leader over a group of wild and strong willed musicians, as The New Orleans Rhythm Kings (N.O.R.K.) became one of the best regarded bands in Chicago in the early 1920s.
In late 1924 Mares returned to New Orleans. He decided to play music on the side while taking over the running of his family fur & hide business. He ran the business well and with his prosperity purchased 3 homes for himself and his relatives in New Orleans' new suburb of Metairie, Louisiana. Mares's Metairie home was the site of a legendary jam-session in 1929 where Bix Beiderbecke and the other jazz playing members of the Paul Whiteman Orchestra jammed with the local New Orleans jazz musicians.
Mares also ran a restaurant in New Orleans called "The Chicago Bar-B-Q". In the early 1930s he returned to Chicago where he opened up his "New Orleans Bar-B-Q" there. The "P.M. New Orleans Bar-B-Q" became a gathering place for Chicago jazz musicians and home to numerous jam sessions, which Mares occasionally joined in.

In January 1935 Mares played trumpet on, and fronted, a recording session with a band called "Paul Mares and his Friars Society Orchestra" - a name that referred to the Friar's Inn club where the N.O.R.K. had first played in Chicago. The 1935 band included the white New Orleanian and N.O.R.K. veteran Santo Pecora on trombone, the black New Orleanian Omar Simeon on clarinet and the legendary Chicagoan altoist (who later gave up full-time music for the priesthood and became "Brother Matthew"), Boyce Brown.
Mares's last recording session for Okeh Records show his style had not remained static; he sounds more under the influence of Henry "Red" Allen than Joe Oliver.
Paul Mares died at the age of 49 of lung cancer, according to his brother Joe, caused by "smoking too many cigarettes".

Paul Mares (Nueva Orleans, Luisiana, 15 de junio de 1900 - Chicago, Illinois, 18 de agosto de a949) fue un cornetista, trompetista, compositor y director de orquesta de jazz norteamericano, encuadrado en el jazz tradicional.
Desde muy pronto (1917), comenzó a tocar en bandas de su ciudad natal, incorporándose en 1919 a orquestas de riverboats. emigra a chicago en 1921, y allí dirige la Friar's Inn Society Orchestra (también llamados New Orleans Rhythm Kings), junto con George Brunis, Leon Roppolo, Elmer Schoebel y Ben Pollack, entre otros, grabando varios discos entre 1922 y 1925, año en que se disolvió. Años más tarde, volverá a grabar (1935), antes de retirarse a un negoco de restauración.

Los críticos le consideran el primer estilista blanco de la trompeta, y sus discos ejercieron una considerable influencia en los músicos blancos de dixieland, incluido Bix Beiderbecke. Su banda fue de las primeras en incorporar un saxofón y en incluir pasajes con arreglos escritos, aunque seguían manteniendo la cohesión de la improvisación colectiva propia del hot de Nueva Orleans.

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