jueves, 11 de agosto de 2011

James Scott


James Sylvester Scott (February 12, 1885 – August 30, 1938) was an African-American ragtime composer, regarded as one of the three most important composers of classic ragtime, along with Scott Joplin and Joseph Lamb.
He was born in Neosho, Missouri to James Scott Sr. and Molly Thomas Scott, both former slaves. In 1901 his family moved to Carthage, Missouri, where he attended Lincoln High School. In 1902 he began working at the music store of Charles L. Dumars, first at menial labor, but before long demonstrating music at the piano, including his own pieces. Demand for his music convinced Dumars to print the first of Scott's published compositions, "A Summer Breeze", in 1903.

In 1906 he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where Scott Joplin introduced him to publisher John Stillwell Stark. The first Scott rag that Stark published, "Frog Legs Rag", became a hit, and Scott became a regular contributor to the Stark catalogue. In 1914 Scott moved to Kansas City, Missouri, where he married Nora Johnson, taught music, and accompanied silent movies.
James Scott's 1904 "On the Pike", which refers to the midway of the St. Louis World's Fair of 1904.
With the arrival of sound movies, his fortunes declined. He lost his theater work, his wife died without child, and his health deteriorated. Though it is said he continued to compose, he published nothing after Stark's retirement in 1922. He died in Kansas City, Kansas and was buried there in the Westlawn Cemetery.
Scott's best-known compositions include "Climax Rag", "Frog Legs Rag", "Grace and Beauty", "Ophelia Rag" and "The Ragtime Oriole".
Scott was a cousin of blues singer Ada Brown.



James Sylvester Scott (Neosho, Misuri, 12 de febrero de 1885 - Kansas City, Kansas, 30 de agosto de 1938) fue un compositor y pianista de rag. Scott fue un artesano que supo crear obras de calidad siempre notable dentro de su formato estándar.
De formación principalmente autodidacta, recibió algunas clases de música por parte de John Coleman, pianista negro, que le enseñó a leer música y a refinar su técnica pianística. A los 13-14 años, se trasladó a Ottawa y en 1900 a Carthage, donde publicó a los 17 años su primera composición, A Summer Breeze.
Trabajó como empleado de una tienda de discos en Carthage, y en 1914 se marchó a San Luis, donde ya conocía a Scott Joplin. Trabajó allí como profesor de piano y luego como organista y arreglista en el Panama Theater.

Se trasladó en 1919 a Kansas City, lugar donde publicó sus composiciones hasta 1922, fecha de aparición de su famoso Broadway Rag, y donde siguió trabajando como profesor y director de banda.
Muerta su esposa, se trasladó a Kansas, donde terminaría sus días trabajando como compositor.

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