sábado, 13 de agosto de 2011

Eddie Condon

Albert Edwin Condon (16 November 1905 – 4 August 1973), better known as Eddie Condon, was a jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader. A leading figure in the so-called "Chicago school" of early Dixieland, he also played piano and sang on occasion.
Condon was born in Goodland, Indiana. After some time playing ukulele, he switched to banjo and was a professional musician by 1921. He was based in Chicago for most of the 1920s, and played with such jazz notables as Bix Beiderbecke, Jack Teagarden and Frank Teschemacher.
In 1928 Condon moved to New York City. He frequently arranged jazz sessions for various record labels, sometimes playing with the artists he brought to the recording studios, including Louis Armstrong and Fats Waller. He organised racially-integrated recording sessions - when these were still rare - with Waller, Armstrong and Henry 'Red' Allen. He played with the band of Red Nichols for a time. Later, from 1938 he had a long association with Milt Gabler's Commodore Records.
From the late 1930s on he was a regular at the Manhattan jazz club Nick's. The sophisticated variation on Dixieland music which Condon and his colleagues created there came to be nicknamed "Nicksieland." By this time, his regular circle of musical associates included Wild Bill Davison, Bobby Hackett, George Brunies, Edmond Hall and Pee Wee Russell. In 1939, he appeared with "Bobby Hacket and Band" in the Warner Brothers & Vitaphone film musical short-subject, "On the Air".

Condon also did a series of jazz radio broadcasts from New York's Town Hall during 1944-45 which were nationally popular. These recordings survive, and have been issued on the Jazzology label.
From 1945 through 1967 he ran his own New York jazz club, Eddie Condon's. In the 1950s Condon recorded a sequence of classic albums for Columbia Records. The musicians involved in these albums - and at Condon's club - included Wild Bill Davison, Bobby Hackett (cornet), Billy Butterfield (trumpet), Edmond Hall, Peanuts Hucko, Pee Wee Russell, Bob Wilber (clarinet), Cutty Cutshall, Lou McGarity, (trombone), Bud Freeman (tenor sax), Gene Schroeder, Dick Carey, Ralph Sutton (piano), Bob Casey, Walter Page, Jack Lesberg, Al Hall (bass), George Wettling, Buzzy Drootin, Cliff Leeman (drums).
Condon toured Britain in 1957 with a band including Wild Bill Davison, Cutty Cutshall, Gene Schroeder and George Wettling. His last tour was in 1964, when he took a band to Australia and Japan. Condon's men, on that tour, were a roll-call of top mainstream jazz musicians: Buck Clayton (trumpet), Pee Wee Russell (clarinet), Vic Dickenson (trombone), Bud Freeman (tenor sax), Dick Carey (piano and alto horn), Jack Lesberg (bass), Cliff Leeman (drums), Jimmy Rushing (vocals). A nice touch was that Billy Banks, a vocalist who had recorded with Condon and Pee Wee Russell in 1932, and had lived in obscurity in Japan for many years, turned up at one of the 1964 concerts: Pee Wee asked him "have you got any more gigs?".
In 1948 his autobiography We Called It Music was published. The book has many interesting and entertaining anecdotes about musicians Condon worked with. Eddie Condon's Treasury of Jazz (1956) was a collection of articles by various writers co-edited by Condon and Richard Gehman.
A latter-day collaborator, clarinetist Kenny Davern, described a Condon gig: "It was always a thrill to get a call from Eddie and with a gig involved even more so. I remember eating beforehand with Bernie (Previn; trumpet) and Lou (McGarity; trombone) and everyone being in good spirits. There was a buzz on, we'd all had a taste and there was a great feel to the music."

Eddie Condon toured and appeared at jazz festivals through 1971. He died in New York City.
He is survived by his daughter Maggie Condon and his only grandchild Michael Repplier, who both live in Greenwich Village in New York City. It has been falsely reported that he has another grandson, Zach Condon, lead singer and instrumentalist of the band Beirut, but this is incorrect.

Eddie Condon fue un guitarrista, banjoista, cantante y director de orquesta estadounidense de jazz tradicional y swing, nacido en Goodland, Indiana, el 16 de noviembre de 1905, y fallecido en Nueva York el 4 de agosto de 1973.
Sus primeros contratos como profesional, con orquestas locales, lo fueron como intérprete de banjo y ukelele. Trasladado a Chicago, a comienzos de los [àños 1920]], tocó con Bix Beiderbecke y con otras bandas de la zona, más dedicadas al baile. Será con los "Mound City Blue Blowers" de Red McKenzie, con quienes realice sus primeras grabaciones (1928). Ese mismo año, grabará con Louis Armstrong y Fats Waller, durante una visita a Nueva York. Después trabajó con Red Nichols (1929) y nuevamente con la banda de McKenzie, con quienes estuvo hasta 1933.
En los años siguientes trabajará con grupos propios, junto a Joe Marsala (1936), Bobby Hackett (1937-38) y Bud Freeman (1939-40). En 1942 participa en la organización de las primeras jam sessions del New York Town Hall y, en 1945, abre su propio club en esta ciudad. Durante los años 1950 realiza numerosas giras por todo el mundo, permaneciendo después unos años apartado de la escena como consecuencia de varias operaciones graves. Sin embargo, vuelve con fuerza en 1970, junto a Roy Eldridge y Kai Winding, y en compañía del también guitarrista Jim Hall.

Condon es el prototipo de rítmica al Estilo Chicago, con un marcaje del ritmo esquemático y seguro, marcando los cuatro tiempos, sin apenas espacio para realizar solos. Músicos como Hackett decía de él que era el mejor guitarra rítmico del mundo.

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